Hester’s Frontier

The setting for “Mystery in Malakand” is the North West Frontier Province of what is now Pakistan.   It was known by this name from 1901 until 2010, when it was renamed Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.  Between Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Afghanistan are the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), still administered under laws developed during the British rule.   

The largest ethnic group in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are the Pashtun, formerly known by the British as the Pathans.  The Pashtun population straddles the border with Afghanistan.  There are a number of other minorities living in the area, notably Tajiks, Hazaras, and Afghans who moved into the area as refugees in the 1980s and 1990s.   

At the time of the novel’s setting, the North West Frontier was governed through a network of Political Agencies, all reporting to the Chief Commissioner in Peshawar who, in turn, reported to the Government of India.


Hester's Frontier: How it was

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Hester's Frontier: How it is now

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